One of the most important crops farming practices is mango farming. Many people adore it because of its wonderful flavor and delectable taste. Vitamins A and C are present in abundance. There is no need to be alarmed if you want to start a mango farming business because it grows well all over the country, can thrive in a variety of soil types, and is barely impacted by climate.
This fruit has an outstanding nutritional profile in addition to being delicious. In actuality, studies connect mango and its nutrients to several health advantages, including boosted immunity and a healthy digestive system. Some of the fruit’s polyphenols may even reduce the risk of developing certain malignancies.
Suitable climate for mango farming
Mango farming is best suited to tropical and subtropical climes. From sea level to 1400 meters above sea level, the plant can grow. Between 24 and 27 degree Celsius is the ideal range for mango cultivation. However, it can withstand temperatures as high as 48C during fruit growth provided it receives frequent irrigation, which enhances fruit size, quality, and maturity.
Tips on the ultimate mango farming
Understand the varieties
It’s a good idea to choose the right mango variety before you plant any mangoes. Mangoes like the German mango, the Alphonso mango (sweet mango), and others are in high demand.
Because it has a long shelf and can withstand handling issues including abrasion, bruising, and deterioration, the Tommy mango, often referred to as the Palmer mango or alien mango, is a widely produced commercial mango. There are no flavors or sweetness to it. Because of its juice, it is preferred by commercial users.
Because of their juvenile color and smooth, small-fibered texture, Palmer mangoes are harvested when they are still young. It is therefore always preferable to be aware of which one you like to choose. You can also combine as many types as you like, but that is the first choice you must make before doing anything else.
Decide a location
Your ability to produce mangoes will be influenced by finding a decent location with sufficient soil.
While they can grow in a variety of soil types, loamy soil is said to be ideal for growing mangoes even though they can. A soil that can both store water and gradually dry up is necessary for mangoes.
It’s critical to locate a well-drained space in your backyard or elsewhere. When deciding where to put your mango trees, keep the future in mind as well. Any structures, overhead electricity lines, or subsurface plumbing must not be impacted by the place you choose.
Prune the trees
Since branches are where the fruits develop, trimming a mango tree is crucial in mango farming since it allows for excellent branch development. To preserve the height and to improve fruit and bloom production, mango trees are pruned. To maintain the tree’s height, it is also crucial to prune your mango tree when it is young. It should be a 3-inch cut made in the middle of the shoot’s branch.
The main three branches of the mango tree, which form the tree’s scaffold, will grow as a result of this stimulation. Once the tree has reached the desired working height, you can only make one or two thinning cuts every year to help limit growth. Continue pruning for roughly 2 to 3 years until the tree has a strong scaffold and open frame.
Keep proper spaces in between
The number of trees that will be needed can be estimated with the help of tree spacing. Mango farming spacing has an impact on growth, yield, and management techniques. But always keep in mind that planting trees too near to one another will result in competition between them for nutrients, light, and water.
From 10 times 10M to 13 times 13M, the spacing does change. Yet, due to reduced development in dry places, the spacing should be 10x10M; however, because of greater physical growth in fertile soil areas with heavy rainfall, the spacing should be 13x13M.
For this reason, if you have healthy soil, you should add to it when you plant it and make an appropriate pit. In addition, 3 kilograms of superphosphate and 1 kg of potash should be added, along with roughly 25 kg of farmyard manure.
Recall that the ideal space between rows and trees in a mango tree plantation is (about 10 m) (5 m). As a result, following the rules will allow you to grow roughly 70 mango plants in each plot, which is what is thought to be the typical number of mango plants per plot.
Disease and pest control
It is crucial to avoid your mango tree from being damaged by pests by applying the appropriate pest management that can help to effectively control or lessen it. Pest often affects the mango, especially at their tender stage.
The health of your mango tree is one of the most important factors in determining the productivity and expansion of your mango farming.
Powdery mildew, Phytophthora, Anthracnose, Apical bud necrosis, Black Bacterial Spot, Bacterial Flower Disease, Mango Malformation Disease, Stem-End Rots, and others are a few of the mango illnesses.
Although it is simple to detect the presence of these illnesses, it is best to speak with a local horticulture expert for additional information about mango disease and its symptoms. Mango farming is frequently plagued by pests like fruit-piercing moths, the Queensland fruit fly, spiraling whiteflies, mango tip borer, red-banded mango caterpillars, mango shoot caterpillars, fruit-spotting bugs, mango stem miners, Heliopolis, and mango tip borer. It is recommended to use a specific insecticide to manage mango bugs.
Mangoes are recognized as one of the fruits having a span of 3 to 5 years between fruit production. As a result, you can start a mango farm together with the planting of other fruits and vegetables, which will help you make money while you wait for the mango farm to begin producing fruit. Achieving good production in the mango farming industry is simple with the help of adequate care & management and good farm management. Now learn more about mangoes and their farming from the mango cultivation course offered by the ffreedom app and get started with your farming business.